Dental plaque removal
Dental deposits are the natural formation of soft and hard processes in the oral cavity. Such deposits appear on the surface of the tooth.
Soft. Appear not only on the teeth. They can be on fillings, prostheses. Such dental deposits can be deposited even on tartar. For the most part, plaque is formed due to improper or insufficient oral hygiene. These formations often appear after eating. If they are not well cleaned, they can be transformed into solid ones within a week.
Solid. This is essentially tartar. That is, mineralized deposits that appear as a result of untimely removal of soft deposits. Since this type of sediment is growing rapidly, then, accordingly, the gum is pushed out and bleeds.
Methods for cleaning plaque
1. Mechanical. It is carried out with certain tools and equipment. Its essence is to remove plaque from the surface of tooth enamel. There are various methods of mechanical cleaning:
Manual plaque removal. This is a fairly old way, which uses special hooks-tools. Nobody actually uses this method. But the “plus” of it is that it is suitable for patients for whom the hardware method is contraindicated. That is, these are patients with severe diabetes mellitus, osteomyelitis and other diseases.
Cleaning with quick-rotating brushes with special pastes.
2. Hardware-mechanical. Plaque removers are ultrasonic and powder-jet.
Powder-jet apparatus. Its meaning is that with the help of a special nozzle a stream of water, air and soda particles is supplied under pressure to the tooth. Soda particles hit the tooth surface with great force, and clean it. With this process, a stream of water leaches particles of plaque and soda.
Ultrasonic devices. They remove dental formations using ultrasonic vibration of a special shaft. This method of cleaning teeth has its own result. The disadvantage is that it is rather painful. Accordingly, the patient is anesthetized.
Ultrasonic plaque removal is contraindicated:
if there are implants;
in the presence of orthopedic structures;
with cardiac arrhythmia;
in acute respiratory diseases;
children with baby teeth.
And this is only part of the contraindications.
“Pros” of ultrasonic cleaning:
“Cons” of ultrasonic cleaning:
the presence of contraindications;
decrease in tactile sensitivity of the dentist’s hands;
reduced tooth visibility due to splatter;
the inability in certain cases to remove the stone from all sides;
hard and soft tissues of the tooth, as well as soft tissues of the oral cavity can be affected.
Dental deposits must be removed during. The thing is that the consequences may not be very pleasant and even more costly. When bacteria gradually destroy the surface of the tooth, not only gum disease can occur. Accordingly, the surface of the teeth should be cleaned regularly to avoid subsequent unpleasant problems. Thus, for example, periodontitis can be prevented.