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Complications after tooth extraction: how and why?

With problems with teeth sooner or later face 90% of the world’s population. With qualified help, even a running tooth can be tried to be cured with the subsequent restoration of its functions.

With problems with teeth sooner or later face 90% of the world’s population. With qualified help, even a running tooth can be tried to be cured with the subsequent restoration of its functions. However, often, even deep tissue damage affects, therefore conservative treatment in this case is useless. To eliminate the problem, it will be necessary to carry out the extraction procedure, that is, painlessly remove the tooth and its roots with minimal trauma to the surrounding tissues.

Unfortunately, after the dental extraction procedure, despite all the precautions taken, complications may occur in the form of bleeding, swelling, pain, delayed tissue regeneration, osteomyelitis and some other diseases.

Swelling of the gums and cheeks
The occurrence of tissue swelling after the tooth extraction procedure is a normal reaction of the body and an indicator of the stratum of the healing processes of the hole. After extensive surgery, in most cases, inflammatory edema begins in adjacent tissues. This consequence is inevitable and usually commensurate with the degree of surgical trauma. Swelling usually appears immediately after tooth extraction and disappears within a few days after dental procedures. If tissue edema does not go away within one week, the patient must visit his doctor.
Pain syndrome

Tooth extraction is usually accompanied by some discomfort and pain. Anesthesia has passed and now the pain can spread to surrounding tissues. To stop the pain syndrome resulting from medical intervention, pain medications are prescribed. The choice and regimen of pain medication depends on the patient’s medical history and is prescribed by the dentist individually.
Dry hole

A dry nest (hole) appears after removal of the lower posterior tooth in the event that the blood clot has been washed, exposing the bone and nerves. With this outcome, healing processes occur extremely slowly. After extraction for 2-3 days, the discomfort gradually decreases, the painful state and healing disappears in 1-2 weeks. In case of complications for the treatment and relief of pain, the dentist places gauze soaked in anesthetic in the hole.

Dry hole syndrome is more common among smokers than non-smokers. To prevent this complication, smokers should give up cigarettes for several days before and after tooth extraction.

Osteomyelitis
Osteomyelitis is a fairly rare disease that causes inflammation of the bone marrow after tooth extraction. In case of acute osteomyelitis, there is a strong throbbing deep pain, accompanied by swelling and purulent discharge in the hole. Fever may occur and the lymph nodes will enlarge. To make an accurate diagnosis, the X-ray diagnostic method is usually used. As a treatment, antibiotics, anti-inflammatory drugs, immunostimulants and vitamin complexes are prescribed.
Bleeding

Bleeding after tooth extraction is common. As a rule, it can be stopped by biting a piece of gauze and maintaining constant pressure on the surgical site for the first hour. If bleeding continues for several hours, the dentist will clean the damaged area and surgically close it with sutures.

Patients taking an anticoagulant (the drug prevents the formation of blood clots), warfarin or aspirin should definitely inform their doctor about it a week before surgery, as these drugs can increase bleeding.
Numbness after tooth extraction

A sensation of numbness and tingling occurs if the nerve is damaged during the tooth extraction procedure. The nerve endings responsible for sensing the tissues of the tongue and lips can be affected due to the introduction of anesthesia or surgical procedures. However, the nerve endings are extremely elastic and over time their functions are fully restored. In some cases, recovery processes can last up to six months. To accelerate them, the attending physician may prescribe therapeutic drugs that strengthen nerve fibers.

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